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HPV and Genital Warts

WT and HPV Treatment

HPV is a virus that has more than 200 types today and is 99% sexually transmitted. HPV positivity is present in 75-80% of sexually active women. HPV is the most important cause of cervical cancer today.

We may encounter different pathologies depending on the type of HPV. For example, HPV 6 and 11 types can cause genital warts in both men and women. 14-15 oncogenic types, led by HPV 16 and 18, can cause precancerous lesions (CINI, CINII, CINIII) and cancer.

Op.Dr. Hüseyin Kılıç is one of the most experienced physicians in the province of Istanbul in HPV and related conditions.

How can I be protected from HPV?

  • Monogamous(monogamous) life
  • Smoking cessation
  • Condom use
  • Getting HPV vaccine(most important)

HPV and the problems it causes such as ASCUS, LSIL, HSIL, AGC, CIN2, CIN and cervical cancer Op.Dr. It is successfully examined colposcopically by Hüseyin Kılıç. If necessary, LEEP and conization processes are carried out

What is HPV Virus?

Genital warts seen in both men and women are the genital manifestations of sexually transmitted HPV infection. It is also called “condyloma acuminata”. There are more than 200 types of HPV virus (Human papilloma virus) and 40 of them cause genital warts. The types that cause the most warts are HPV 6 and HPV 11. However, these HPV types do not cause cancer.

Especially in women, other HPV types can be found in the body at the same time, and therefore tests such as Pap Smear should be done. Genital warts are light or dark brown bumps on the skin, sometimes as spots. It can be seen as one, or multiple warts can appear side by side in a cauliflower shape. Warts are sometimes thought to be flesh-me-nots or not noticed at all. They may itch or cause bleeding during sexual intercourse.

It is estimated that 60 percent of women and men have encountered HPV at some point in their lives. After the virus enters the body, it is usually suppressed by the immune system. Types that cause genital warts when not suppressed show symptoms after an average of 1 year after infection.

Whether the virus gives symptoms or not, it is possible to infect other people because it is in the body. Therefore, it cannot be determined when and from whom the HPV virus was transmitted. The earlier genital warts are diagnosed, the easier it is to treat. Warts are treated with creams, various burning methods or surgery depending on their size.

Genital warts are seen in 1 percent of the society. In the 20s, this rate rises to 7 percent. Even if the cervical cancer vaccine is given, screening programs must be continued. From the age of 21, all women should have a smear every three years.

How is HPV Transmitted?

  • HPV virus can be seen in both sexes and is transmitted from person to person through sexual contact. In addition to vaginal and anal intercourse, HPV can also be transmitted by skin contact in the genital area not covered by the condom.
  • Although genital warts are not visible, contact of HPV-infected skin to the genital area is sufficient for the virus to be transmitted.
  • Rarely, it is transmitted by oral sex.
  • HPV can remain silent in the body for many years after being infected, and it does not cause genital warts in everyone. In many people, HPV is neutralized by the body's defense system.
  • After the HPV types that cause genital warts are infected, warts may appear after a few months or years. During this period, the person becomes a carrier and can transmit the disease to others.
  • In pregnant women with HPV, it can be passed from mother to baby during delivery.
  • It is not possible to determine from which partner the genital warts are transmitted and how long the virus has been in the body.
  • In untreated patients, warts may multiply and grow in size.
  • Genital warts are not transmitted by kissing, using towels, cutlery, glasses, toilets.

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